Mastering Spring Fertilization for Bermuda Grass: A Pro’s Guide


Spring is a pivotal time for lawn care professionals, especially when it comes to Bermuda grass. As the lawn starts to green up, the question of when and how to fertilize becomes critical. This article is tailored for professionals who are looking to optimize their spring fertilization strategy for Bermuda grass.

Timing is Everything

The first rule of thumb is to wait until your lawn is about 50% green before applying the initial fertilizer. Jumping the gun can lead to nutrient imbalances and hinder the grass’s natural ability to green up.

Choosing the Right Fertilizer

In the absence of a soil test, a balanced fertilizer like 10-10-10 or 20-20-20 can be applied. These numbers represent the N-P-K ratio, which stands for Nitrogen, Phosphorus, and Potassium, respectively. The rate of application should be between 0.5-1.0 lb of Nitrogen per thousand square feet. So with a 10-10-10, that’s 10% nitrogen. To put down 1 pound of N, you’d put down 10 pounds of fertilizer per 1000 square feet. The nitrogen target stays the same most of the active growing season. If measuring overwhelms you, you can always stick with non-burning organic fertilizers but they cost a bit more and not quite the same.

Why Phosphorus Matters

Phosphorus (P) is essential for root development and energy transfer within the plant. The good news is that Phosphorus doesn’t leach from the soil as readily as other nutrients. A balanced fertilizer should provide adequate Phosphorus levels for the rest of the year.

The 30-Day Rule

After the initial application, you’ll need to continue applying 0.5-1.0 lbs of Nitrogen per thousand square feet every 30 days. This consistent application is crucial for maintaining the vibrant green color and robust growth of Bermuda grass.

Final Thoughts

Spring fertilization is not a one-size-fits-all operation. It requires precise timing, the right type of fertilizer, and a consistent application schedule. By adhering to these guidelines, you can ensure that your Bermuda grass lawn will not only survive but thrive throughout the year.


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