Best Fertilizers for Bermuda Grass

Bermuda grass, with its fine texture and resistance to trampling, is a favorite for lawns, especially in warmer climates. But to get that lush, green look, you need more than just water and sunshine. You need the right fertilizer. Bermuda grass loves nitrogen and so we’ll be covering only fertilizers that offer plenty of nitrogen. Let’s dive into the best options.

10-10-10: Balanced Fertilizers

First up, balanced fertilizers like 10-10-10 or 13-13-13. These are your go-to if you’re not sure what to put down and haven’t done a soil test. They’re like the Swiss Army knife of fertilizers – good for just about everything. These ratios mean they offer an equal share of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. Ideal for Bermuda grass that just needs some maintenance and you haven’t applied phosphorus or potassium lately. This is also a great option when prepping for the growing season or the off-season. When it comes to prepping for summer, the potassium helps the Bermuda grass deal with stresses such as drought, heat and disease. In the winter, potassium helps dealing with the cold. The phosphorus helps push root growth before winter as well.

Examples:

21-0-0: Ammonium Sulfate

Now, for those of you in areas like Texas, where the soil is as alkaline as it gets, 21-0-0 is your secret weapon. This high-nitrogen, no-phosphorus, no-potassium formula is perfect for lowering soil pH. It’s like giving your Bermuda grass a shot of espresso – pure energy to green up and grow. But beware, it’s potent stuff. Overdo it, and you might just burn your lawn, especially if you choose to spray it in liquid form. It’s best to apply 5 pounds of product per 1,000 square feet per month (1 pound of nitrogen) to push growth and fill in bare spots.

46-0-0: Urea

Speaking of pure energy, let’s talk urea. This high-nitrogen option is one of the most cost effective, in terms of dollars per pound of nitrogen. It’s like turbocharging your Bermuda grass, making it greener faster than you can say “lush lawn.” But, as with any high-powered option, there’s a risk. Use it wisely or risk damaging your turf with too much of a good thing. Urea is similar to ammonium sulfate, it’s synthetic and can burn the lawn, but it doesn’t affect pH which is ideal if you’re already around a pH of 6.

15-5-10: Maintenance Blend

If you’re not looking to push growth, and just want something that’s slow release that you can use on your Bermuda grass lawn year-round without switching to different fertilizers each month, a 15-5-10 is a good option. While not every soil needs phosphorus and potassium, many lawns do. It’s hard to go wrong with a blend like this. A balanced fertilizer is great if you’re applying for the first time, but eventually you’ll want something with more nitrogen like this for ongoing basis as you don’t want your phosphorus and potassium to get too high.

Milorganite: Organic, Non-Burning, Slow-Release

Finally, there’s Milorganite, the eco-friendly, slow-release champ. Made from recycled biosolids, it’s not only good for your Bermuda grass but also for the planet. It releases nitrogen slowly, feeding your lawn over time. Plus, it’s pretty hard to overdo it with Milorganite, making it a great option for the more cautious or someone who doesn’t understand fertilizer math. Also consider similar alternatives to Milo.

Wrapping It Up

So, there you have it. Whether you’re looking for a balanced approach, need to adjust your soil pH, want a quick green-up, or prefer the slow and steady route, there’s a fertilizer out there for your Bermuda grass. Just remember, more isn’t always better. Choose wisely, apply responsibly, and get ready to enjoy the kind of lawn that’ll make your neighbors green with envy.


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